New Policy on Education, released Wednesday, July 29. Earlier in the afternoon, the Union cabinet approved a policy aimed at revising the educational system in the country. Announced by the Union Ministers for Information and Broadcasting (I&B)Prakash Javadekar and Human Resource Development ( HRD) and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank on NEP- Earlier on May 1, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had reviewed the NEP-2020 draft for which a group of experts headed by former Chief of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Kasturirangan’.
The NEP 2020 aims to make “India a regional powerhouse of awareness”. The new academic session is set to be from September-October, with the COVID 19 pandemic attributing to the delay. This new education policy is said to be enforced by the government in the new academic session.
The new education policy’s key points
- A New Teacher Training board will be set up for all teachers in the country which cannot be altered by any state.
- NIOS will develop high-quality Indian Sign Language teaching modules and other basic subjects using Indian Sign Language.
- There will be attempts to incentivize the interest of SC, ST, OBC, and other SEDG graduates. The National Scholarship Portal will be extended to help, cultivate, and monitor the success of scholarship-receiving students.
- Students with disabilities should be allowed to engage fully in the daily schooling cycle from basic to higher education, with help from cross-disability training providers, resource centers, housing, support systems, suitable technology-based services, and other support mechanisms adapted to their needs.
- To get 6 % of the GDP in the education market, earlier it was 1.7%.
- The existing 10+2 board structure will be dropped.
- The new board structure will be replaced with 5+3+3+4. The preschool stage will be up to 5th grade, the Mid School stage will be from 6 to 8 followed by 8th to 11th grade which will constitute High School and then 12th grade onwards to Graduation.
- Vocational courses will be available from 6th grade onwards.
- Students can choose their subjects from 8th to 11th grade.
- The new Basic learning program will be created by the government for parents to teach kids.
- All school exams will follow a semester system which will take place twice a year.
- The syllabus will be reduced to core knowledge of the particular subject.
- More focus will be placed on the student’s practical and application knowledge.
- Free boarding facilities will be built-in line with the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya standards particularly for students with socio-economic disadvantages
- Children will have three languages to choose from Country, regions, and students
For Universities and Colleges
- All graduation courses will consist of a major and a minor where students can choose any combination.
- All higher education will be governed by only one authority.
- UGC and AICTE will be merged.
- All Universities, whether government, private, Open, Deemed, Vocational, etc will have common grading and rules.
- Colleges will get autonomous rights and funds based on their rating and will also be granted the same level of accreditation.
- There can be multiple entries and exits from any course.
- Colleges will now adopt a credit system that can be utilized by the students if they take a break in between their course and return to pursue the course again.
- To prevent the wastage of a student’s year in case he takes a break, for any graduation course if the student completes one year he will get a basic certificate, if he completes two years then he will get a Diploma certificate and if he completes a full course then he will be granted a degree certificate.
- High-performance Indian universities are being encouraged to establish campuses in other countries. Selected universities such as those from among the world’s top 100 universities will be encouraged for operations in India.
- IITs to become multidisciplinary institutions, opening doors for students of the humanities
- All degrees irrespective of their stream will be of four years.
Impact of the new policy
The law on Education has been updated after more than 30 years. PM Modi, Union ministers, academicians, industry experts, teachers, students, and all the others have welcomed the policies that will come into effect by 2030. The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 has the potential to have profound long-term effects, impacting our society’s social and economic structure — that’s the power of education, particularly given our demographics.
The NEP 2020 proposes significant higher education reforms — comprehensive and multidisciplinary education, the versatility of subject choices and program durations, etc. which would be a game-changer for the future of India’s education system. By 2030 multidisciplinary colleges in each district will to a large extent promote liberal arts education. Through 2030 India will have the highest share of the world’s young population. How this policy is implemented will be a major aspect to look for.