Brazil to forbid setting fires in Amazon for 120 days. Taking into consideration, the demand of global investors. The announcement was made by Brazil’s Vice President Hamilton Mourao, on Thursday, during a virtual conference with several European firms.
Many investors urged, they will put their investments on hold or may even divest if President Bolsonarois impuissant to safeguard the world’s largest tropical rainforest.
Mourao told reporters, that Brazil was unfairly criticized over Amazon deforestation Murao also mentioned, that brazil does not possess enough manpower to stop an intruder from entering 1 million square kilometers of indigenous lands
The decree is yet to come
A decree signed by president Bolsonaro is all set to come up next week. The decree is a replica of the temporary ban imposed last year when forest fires gushed giving rise to international whoop that brazil is doing nothing to save the world’s largest rainforest
Early in may this year, Bolsonaro had to face excessive criticism for turning a blind eye to farmers and loggers clearing lands and for continuously defending on opening rainforest to agriculture, mining, and business prospects.
What do environmentalists have to say about it?
One of the most popular environmentalists Greta Thunberg tweeted in her tweet mentioned – from May to June, INPE satellites registered 3077 fires – 12.5% more than in the same period in 2019.
Another known personality, MarcioAstrini, the executive secretary of climate observatory, an NGO expressed his skepticism in front of the international media. He said, that the decree has no practical effect, it’s not a solution to the fire situations, and its nothing more than a figurative gesture.
Many other environmentalists say deforestation reached it’s highest level in 11 years, last year. And the decree is nothing more than a verbal, non-literal consolation.
Condition of amazon so far in 2020.
- Deforestation has increased by 34% in the first five months of 2020 as compared to 2019.
- Many researchers say that there are cues for the upsurge in forest fires again this year. As the peak season for outbursts arrives in august – November.
- Government data showed last week, the no. of fires has risen 20% in June.
- The INPE reports that 769 sq. km. area of forest was cut down during the first three months this year.
- Besides forest destruction, reports suggest there is a probability of terrible droughts in many areas this year.
- NASA’s analysis also shows that groundwater in large areas is at lower levels than normal.
As a conclusion to all these reports, researchers express profound concern about the amazon fire season.
Amazon rain forest and forest fires
Amazon is the largest rainforest in the world. It occupies a major portion of the northwestern brazil and unfurls far into Columbia, Peru, and other South American countries. Amazon represents over half of the planet’s rainforest and is also referred to as ‘lungs of planet earth’
Amazon rain forest is also known as Amazonia since it covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.
The major portion of the forest is in Brazil, with 60% of the rain forest followed by Peru 13%, Columbia with 10%and the remaining portion is shared by some other South American countries.
Wildfires in Amazon
Amazon rainforest sees a year to year rise in a wildfire. The fire usually transpires around the parched season as slash and burn methods are used to clear the forest and make way for agriculture leading to deforestation.
Before the 1960s, an entry in the forest was encircled by many restrictions and the forest was highly pristine. Tribes entrenched in the 60s had a livelihood based on crop cultivation and the slash and burn method. However, due to the loss of soil prolificacy, the tribes and villagers were incompetent to hold their crops and lands. The productivity of the soil in amazon becomes nil after a few crops, so farmers are constantly shifting to new areas and clearing more land. These methods of farming led to deforestation and caused excessive environmental degradation.
The gush in forest fires in 2019 grabbed international attention about the global climatic threats.
What happened in 2019?
In 2019 August, forest fires in amazon became a matter of grave concern for the world, since the fires were not only a threat to the global climate but it created a huge risk for environmental degradation.
The increasing rates were first reported by Brazil’s INPE in July 2019 through satellite monitoring.
There was more than 80,000 forest fire till August 2019, that is, around 77% increase as compared to 2018. The destruction was terrible, the cost of damage is still unknown.
An uncountable number of animals lost their lives, many species were destroyed. It felt as if mother nature is crying and lamenting over the loss of her beloved children.
Is this a decree of new hope?
Most probably yes, this decree has been introduced to prevent any chances of the dreadful wildfire this year. Though, it was marked as unsuccessful by many environmentalists in the previous year. This year, it feels right to say, that the decree is undoubtedly a ray of new hope for innumerable tribes residing in and around Amazon. But only time will tell if this decree proves to be the new fate of Amazon.